Decorative painting, glazing and faux finishing are painting techniques that can be used to imitate the look of natural finishes such as marble, granite, stone or natural wood. Sometimes a simple paint job just isn’t enough and the homeowner wants more texture to the room. The average homeowner now has the opportunity of turning their walls, paneling, cabinetry, furniture and flooring into decorative masterpieces by using unique painting techniques.
Architects, interior designers and design-conscious consumers are pushing to make decorative painting techniques an alternative to your everyday paint job. Common areas to use these techniques on include walls and ceilings, columns, fireplace mantles, doors and moldings. Due to demand, there are now classes, books and videos available for the do-it-yourselfer to help make the painting technique process simple and attainable for most homeowners.
In the past and even still today, wallpaper is a popular wall finish, but it doesn't provide the homeowner with the level of creativity and expression that decorative paint finishes offer. Besides, certain wallpapers are meant to emulate marble and wood grain, but it just doesn’t compare to the realism of hand-painted surface finishes.
Light vs. Heavy Painting
When it comes to painting techniques, there are two kinds; light and heavy. For light textures such as stipple painting or shallow swirls you can use premixed texture paint. For heavy work, you should purchase your paint in powdered form and mix the powder to the consistency that creates the textured effect you want. Also, some painting techniques can be done with one coat of standard water-base wall paint, but others require special types of paint such as texture paint, glazing paint and sometimes multiple coats of paint.
When mixing your paint, the consistency you want will depend on the pattern you decide to create. The consistency will alter the effect regardless of the application technique. Just remember that the more water you use the less consistency it will have. And the less water you use the more consistency it will have.
A help tip with texture painting is to practice it before you begin your project. A good way to do this is to use old cardboard boxes to test your technique out on. Also, you should treat textured painting in the same way you would any other painting process. Basically this means that you still shouldn’t paint wood trim with textured paint and all necessary preparation should still take place.
Textured painting is made simple with the help of texturing tools. These tools are easy to find and include stipple brushes, sponges, various combs, various length nap-paint rollers, rags, lacing tools, paint brushes, whisk brooms, house brooms, concrete trowels, grout trowels, sponges, fingers, and putty knives. These tools can be used to create popular wall finishes such as sponging with sea sponges, rag rolling, dragging and color washing which achieves the illusion of plaster and stone-block walls.
If texture painting seems like something that will be too hard or take too much time to complete, then you could also consider pattern painting. There's sponging, smooshing and much more. Many times, several colors are used when pattern painting to create the desired result. The process is really quite simple. All you do is pick the colors and use a sponge to apply the paint. Some prefer to use water-base paint because it dries quickly which allows you to use an additional color as soon as you have completed the previous one.
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Faux painting uses fascinating techniques to create unique effects and decorative finishes on walls and other solid surfaces. Faux, meaning “false,” uses creative techniques to produce fake finishes that resemble wallpapers and three dimensional effects. Also, new products have made it possible to create plasters in unique patterns and styles.
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Oil vs. Latex Paint
Painting is one of the few home improvement projects that can instantly transform a space. By simply adding a coat of fresh paint you can turn a distressed space into a clean and consistent finish or even turn a dark dreary space into a lively and bright one. Furthermore, by using a fresh coat of high-quality paint you are making your surfaces easier to wash and more abrasion-resistant.
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Using Quality Paint
When it comes to painting, about 90 percent of a good paint job is in the preparation. This, however, doesn’t mean that the other 10% should be ignored. Preparation gets the surface ready for paint, but if the paint isn’t of good quality then it will soon fall apart from cracking, peeling and chipping. The quality of the paint, therefore, is vital to a good, long lasting paint job.
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